Career & Finance

How to Reduce Debt and Save Money in 2024


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Source: ColorJoy Stock
Source: ColorJoy Stock

Do you know what I’ve learned over time? Our relationship with money can be as complex as our relationship with sex. It can either be a source of freedom or it can produce anxiety. Personally, I tend to fall into the latter group but have found ways to work through my mental blocks surrounding my finances, with the help of therapy.

Before I developed a financial plan for myself, I felt lost about how to turn things around. It seemed as if it was taking forever to reduce the debt I’d accrued and it didn’t make sense to save money with high credit balances. What helped change my mindset is a suggestion made by a former therapist: Instead of dwelling on mistakes I’d made, I was asked to sit with my introduction to the concept of money when I was a child. From there, I was given exercises to help me find the root cause of my financial habits.

It’s advice that I’ve carried with me ever since and it taught me that it’s possible to make healthy financial choices. Things may not happen overnight, but with patience and actionable steps, saving money and reducing debt can become something you feel confident about doing.

How to Reduce Debt and Save Money in 2024

Move toward the 50/30/20 rule to create a budget

We may ask ourselves, “What’s the point of saving money when I have to [insert responsibility]?” On the other hand, if you feel you could be saving more money but aren’t sure where to start, the financial experts at NerdWallet suggest using the 50/30/20 rule:

  • 50% of your income for needs
  • 30% of income for wants
  • 20% of income for savings and debt repayment

Some accounts allow you to see a breakdown of your expenses. If you are unable to see that within your bank account, you can utilize budget apps such as Mint or Goodbudget. Seeing your expenses helps you determine the areas where you spend the most money; categories such as bills, entertainment, shopping, etc. From here, you can decide which expenses are needs, which are wants, and where you can reduce spending and save.

woman on cellphone and taking notes
Source: SHVETS production | Pexels

Assess your debt and credit balances

If this makes you want to run away from your screen and never return, I don’t blame you. This is by far one of the things I dreaded when I decided to get serious about my own finances. I’d developed an “out of sight, out of mind” thought process and dealt with overdraft fees, scams, and more because of it. Believe me when I say that I understand. At the same time, being able to truly face our balances helps us become clear about where we stand financially.

Know your credit utilization percentage

Credit can be a good or bad thing depending on who you ask. Regardless of your opinion on it, I think we can agree it’s essential. It determines our eligibility for car loans, apartment rentals, home ownership, and much more. There are loopholes around some things, but for the most part, credit tends to follow us around. 

Aside from checking the balance on your credit card and/or accounts, looking at the percentage of your credit you’re utilizing is extremely important. The rule of thumb is to keep your credit utilization under 30% because it impacts your credit score. If you notice your percentage is higher than that, it means you’re beginning to spend more than recommended. Now, things happen in life like unexpected emergencies, so our balances may exist because of them. Whatever your unique situation is, your credit utilization percentage can help you look at the areas where you can reduce debt. This coincides with assessing your balances.

Pay more than the minimum balance 

If you have room to do so, pay more than the minimum balance on your credit card(s). Since interest is already accruing, making more than the minimum payment will save you money in the long run. According to NerdWallet, credit “issuers are required by law to include a ‘Minimum Payment Warning,’ which discloses how long it would take to pay off your current debt if you paid only the minimum each month. Reviewing that warning might motivate you to pay off your debt faster.”

Source: ColorJoy Stock

Invest in financial resources

This doesn’t mean spending money on finance courses unless you feel it will benefit you. Instead, read financial books that hold valuable information that can help you find a financial plan that will work for you. Some of my personal favorites are listed below:

finance books
Get Good with Money

Featuring 10 steps to help you develop a healthy relationship with your finances, this is a great tool that goes in depth about everything from budgeting to investing.

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finance books
Broke Millennial: Stop Scraping By and Get Your Financial Life Together

As a millennial, this title grabbed my attention, but the length Lowry goes to to make sure readers understand more complicated financial terms and breakdowns held it.

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finance books
Suze Orman
The Money Book for the Young, Fabulous & Broke

This is one of the first finance books my older sister gifted me when I went to college. It covers topics such as student loans and building credit.

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Set short-term and long-term goals for yourself

Aside from creating a realistic budget, setting financial goals is by my far one of my favorite things to do and can give you a tangible “why” to your savings and debt reduction plans. Maybe you decide to put a certain amount in savings from each paycheck—make it automated if you can. It can be a small amount but will add up overtime. If you decide you want to challenge yourself, paying off a smaller credit card/account within a certain time frame may be more suited for you. 

Life happens, so it’s OK if your financial situation doesn’t look like how you want it to right now. Getting on track with your finances doesn’t have to necessarily be your New Year’s resolution either. It can be viewed as a stepping stone if you haven’t been paying as much attention. If you simply want to improve on systems you may already have in place, this can be helpful for that too. From one mom to another: We can make healthier choices in different areas of our lives, one small step at a time.

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